Warm-hearted nature lovers want to help when they see a turtle slowly crossing a busy road, a baby bird on its own or a fawn apparently without an adult for long hours. So here’s the best information I could glean about what to do in these rescue situations. The bottom line seems to be help turtles carefully and probably leave baby birds and fawns right where they are.
Rescuing Turtles in the Road
Turtles in the road are usually on a mission. They are looking for new territory, a mate, or a place to lay eggs.
The Turtle Rescue League in Massachusetts has a great web page on this subject. I’ll just summarize a bit:
- Safety first! Pull completely off the road, put on hazard lights and be sure cars see you before going onto the road.
- Never pick up any turtle by the tail! It can injure them very badly.
- Pick up a small turtle on either side of its shell behind the front legs. Keep the turtle close to the ground so that if it wriggles out of your grasp, it won’t fall and get hurt.
- For a snapping turtle, better to push it with a BLUNT object from behind. Even held from the back, they have very long necks and powerful jaws and can be aggressive. To identify them, look for the large prehistoric tail and pointed snout.
- Be sure to keep the turtle faced in the direction it was going. Otherwise as soon as you leave, it will turn right around and go on the road to complete its mission.
- Don’t relocate turtles. They have a home territory and will continually try to get back to it, crossing roads again or even not eating if they can’t find a way back. For the same reason, don’t keep a wild turtle as a pet.
Rescuing Baby Birds
The first thing to know about helpless baby birds in your yard is that they probably don’t need to be rescued.
A vast majority of the time, the parents of the baby bird are temporarily off tending others in the brood where you can’t see them and will return before long. My source for this section is the Cornell University Ornithology Lab. The link to its page about baby bird rescue is below, but again, here’s a summary:
- Determine if the bird is a nestling or a fledgling. “If the baby bird is sparsely feathered and not capable of hopping, walking, flitting, or gripping tightly to your finger, it’s a nestling. If so, the nest is almost certainly nearby. If you can find the nest (it may be well hidden), put the bird back as quickly as possible. Don’t worry—parent birds do not recognize their young by smell. They will not abandon a baby if it has been touched by humans.”
- Most baby birds you find will be fledglings. “Fledglings are feathered and capable of hopping or flitting, with toes that can tightly grip your finger or a twig. These youngsters are generally adorable and fluffy, with a tiny stub of a tail.” They generally don’t need rescuing.
- Fledglings very naturally leave the nest (in many cases, they outgrow it) and generally don’t return. They are then under the care of their parents outside it for a time. So don’t return them to the nest because they’ll just hop back out. Do keep your pets inside and maybe put the fledgling on a nearby low perch. The parents will return when it feels safe to do so and take care of their young one.
- If you’re sure both parents are dead or the baby bird is injured, then a wildlife rehabilitator is your best best. Here’s a link to the Michigan Dept of Natural Resources list of licensed Wildlife rehabilitators.
- Check this Cornell Link for more detail on the subject. You may have to scan down the page but it can be found also on the FAQ section of the website.
As with baby birds, most fawns don’t need rescuing.
According to the National Wildlife Federation’s blog “Wildlife Promise,” after giving birth in tall grass or brush, the doe feeds and cleans the fawn and then moves away from the birth site to protect the fawn by not attracting predators. She then returns at periodic intervals, sometimes up to up 8 hours, to feed the baby. Here are the basics:
- Fawns don’t have a strong scent like adults. Their natural instinct to “freeze” when young , along with their dappled sunlight coloration and lack of scent, provide protection while they await the doe’s return.
- Fawns need to develop strong legs in order to accompany the doe and that can take up to three weeks.
- If your children are distressed by leaving a fawn alone, there’s a Michigan children’s book that will set their minds at ease. It’s called Lost in the Woods by author, Carl R. Sams. It’s available at the Rochester Hills Public Library.
- If you have reason to believe the fawn is sick or injured, again, call a licensed wildlife rehabilitator at this link.